What happens if you get Listeria while pregnant?
During pregnancy, a listeria infection is likely to cause only mild signs and symptoms in the mother. The consequences for the baby, however, can be devastating — the baby can die in the womb or have a life-threatening infection within a few days of being born.
How common is Listeria in pregnancy?
Pregnant women are about 10 times more likely to get listeriosis than other healthy adults. An estimated 1/6 of all Listeria cases occur in pregnant women.
Should I worry about Listeria while pregnant?
Listeriosis can make people feel sick, but rarely causes severe health problems. What’s scary for moms-to-be, however, is that having it during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and preterm birth. Babies of moms who had listeriosis during pregnancy are also at risk for listeria infection.
How do you know if you have Listeria pregnant?
Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria. Many pregnant women do not have any symptoms.
Can a fetus survive Listeria?
Listeria can infect the placenta, the amniotic fluid, and the baby, and can cause miscarriage or stillbirth. Infected babies who survive are likely to be born prematurely.
Can you test for Listeria while pregnant?
A doctor will suspect listeriosis if you are pregnant and have a fever or flu-like symptoms. Listeria is difficult to diagnose. Your doctor will try to confirm a diagnosis by performing a blood culture to test for presence of the bacteria. They may ask you questions about your symptoms and what you’ve eaten recently.
What happens if you accidentally eat deli meat while pregnant?
You don’t need to panic if you are pregnant and have been eating deli meats. The probabilities are in your favor that nothing has happened. When it comes to deli meats it is important you know that the likelihood of being exposed to Listeria is low.
What happens if you accidentally eat soft cheese when pregnant?
Unpasteurized soft cheeses may contain dangerous bacteria including the one that can cause fatal tuberculosis, and another one called Listeria, which can cross over into the placenta and lead to infections or blood poisoning in the baby, or even miscarriage.
How does Listeria cause stillbirth?
It is hypothesized that after ingestion of the contaminated food, the Listeria enters into the bloodstream through bacterial translocation, and then disseminates, having a particular predilection for the fetoplacental unit, causing fetal infection.
What do you do if you have listeria?
Go for emergency care or call 911 if you or a loved one have any of these symptoms. When you’re pregnant, you need to take special care because you have an increased risk of listeria in the blood. Call your doctor if you have: Headache.
What foods have listeria?
- Unpasteurized (raw) milk and dairy products.
- Soft cheese made with unpasteurized milk, such as queso fresco, feta, Brie, Camembert.
- Raw fruits and vegetables (such as sprouts).
- Ready-to-eat deli meats and hot dogs.
- Refrigerated pâtés or meat spreads.
- Refrigerated smoked seafood.
How do you check for listeria?
A blood test is often the most effective way to determine whether you have a listeria infection. In some cases, samples of urine or spinal fluid will be tested as well.
When does Listeria show up?
People with invasive listeriosis usually report symptoms starting 1 to 4 weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria; some people have reported symptoms starting as late as 70 days after exposure or as early as the same day of exposure.
What are the signs of listeria?
The symptoms vary with the infected person:
- Higher-risk people other than pregnant women: Symptoms can include fever, muscle aches, headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, and convulsions.
- Pregnant women: Pregnant women typically experience only fever, and other non-specific symptoms like chills and headache.