How do you resuscitate an infant?

When do you apply resuscitation to an infant?

With a baby, put your mouth over their mouth and nose. Keep repeating 30 compressions and 2 breaths. Keep going until qualified help arrives, you are too exhausted, or the child begins breathing normally or responding. If the child starts breathing and responding, turn them into the recovery position.

What are the 5 steps for giving CPR to an infant?


  1. Stay safe. Children may be infected with contagious diseases. …
  2. Try to wake the child. Gently tap or shake the child’s shoulders and call out their name in a loud voice. …
  3. Begin chest compressions. …
  4. Give the child two breaths. …
  5. Keep doing CPR and call 911 after 2 minutes.

Why do newborns get resuscitated?

Neonatal resuscitation is used to revive a newborn who is not breathing or has other serious problems. Neonatal resuscitation is a series of emergency procedures performed by a doctor to support newborn babies who are not breathing, are gasping or have a weak heartbeat at birth.

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What are the initial steps of newborn care?

The initial steps of resuscitation are to provide warmth by placing the infant under a radiant heat source, position the head in a ‘sniffing’ position to open the airway, clear the airway with a bulb syringe or suction catheter, dry the infant and stimulate breathing.

When performing CPR on an infant you can use 2 thumbs or put 2?

Introduction: Current guidelines recommend that single person cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an infant should be performed with two-fingers just below the inter-mammillary line with the hand clenched, while two-person CPR should be performed with two-thumbs with the hands encircling the chest.

What is the CPR ratio for an infant?

Two-person CPR for the adult victim will be 30 compressions to 2 breaths. Two-person CPR ratio for the child and infant will be 15 compressions to 2 breaths.

Should you tilt the head when performing CPR on an infant?

The upper airway in infants is easily obstructed because the trachea (windpipe) is soft and may be distorted by an excessive backward head tilt or chin lift. In infants, therefore, the head should be kept neutral and maximum head tilt should not be used.

What is the difference between infant and child CPR?

The process of CPR is similar for assisting adults, young children, or infants, but there are key differences. CPR training defines an infant as a child who is less than a year old, a child as someone older than a year but who hasn’t reached puberty, and an adult as anyone who is at the age of puberty or older.

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Can you use an AED on an infant?

Automated external defibrillators should be used in infants with suspected cardiac arrest, if a manual defibrillator with a trained rescuer is not immediately available. Automated external defibrillators that attenuate the energy dose (eg, via application of pediatric pads) are recommended for infants.

What is the first step when initiating infant CPR?


  1. Shout and Tap. Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder. …
  2. Give 30 Compressions. Give 30 gentle chest compressions at the rate of 100-120/minute. …
  3. Open The Airway. Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin. …
  4. Give 2 Gentle Breaths.

Where do you put AED pads on an infant?

If it looks like the pads will touch, put one pad in the center of the baby’s chest. Put the other pad on the center of the baby’s upper back. You may need to first dry the baby’s back. Don’t touch the baby while the AED checks the baby’s heart rhythm.