What is the main cause of sleep apnea in children?
The most common cause of sleep apnea in children is enlarged tonsils and adenoids (large relative to the child’s airway) that block the airway and obstruct breathing during sleep. During the daytime, muscles in the head and neck more easily keep the airway passages open.
Can a child outgrow sleep apnea?
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is common in children. From 3 percent to 12 percent of children snore, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects 1 percent to 10 percent of children. The majority of these children have mild symptoms, and many outgrow the condition.
How do I know if my child has sleep apnea?
What are the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea in a child?
- Loud snoring or noisy breathing (gasping or snorting) during sleep.
- Pauses in breathing, lasting usually a few seconds up to a minute.
- Mouth breathing.
- A nasal voice.
- Restlessness during sleep.
- Too much daytime sleepiness or irritability.
What are the warning signs of sleep apnea?
Signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea include:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness.
- Loud snoring.
- Observed episodes of stopped breathing during sleep.
- Abrupt awakenings accompanied by gasping or choking.
- Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat.
- Morning headache.
- Difficulty concentrating during the day.
What should I do if my child has sleep apnea?
Treatment might include:
- Medications. Topical nasal steroids, such as fluticasone (Dymista) and budesonide (Rhinocort, Pulmicort Flexhaler, others), might ease sleep apnea symptoms for some children with mild obstructive sleep apnea. …
- Removal of the tonsils and adenoids. …
- Positive airway pressure therapy. …
- Oral appliances.
Does sleep apnea cause behavior problems?
Obstructive sleep apnea, a common type of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), has been linked to elevated rates of ADHD-like behavioral issues in kids, in addition to learning and adaptive problems.
Does a pacifier help with sleep apnea?
The results show that the use of pacifiers improves the respiratory capacity of children that suffer from nocturnal apneas at night.
Can a 5 year old have sleep apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when a child stops breathing during sleep. The cessation of breathing usually occurs because there is a blockage (obstruction) in the airway. Obstructive sleep apnea affects many children and is most commonly found in children between 2 and 6 years of age, but can occur at any age.
Does sleep apnea cause night terrors?
Sleep terrors can occur when sleep is fragmented by other sleeping problems. Sleep apnea is a common medical problem that can lead to frequent arousals from sleep. This may increase the risk of parasomnias such as sleep terrors.
Can a child have sleep apnea without snoring?
Symptoms of sleep apnea don’t only occur at night, though. If your child has a restless night’s sleep because of this disorder, daytime symptoms can include fatigue, falling asleep, and difficulty waking in the morning. Infants and young children who have sleep apnea may not snore, especially those with central apnea.
What does sleep apnea sound like?
The crescendo is typically followed by periods of no sound, and then a gasp that can sound like a snort. This pattern of snoring can be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, which is a serious condition that can increase the risk of heart disease.