Your question: Is light therapy safe for newborns?

Can phototherapy cause blindness in newborns?

Retinal damage has been observed in some animal models during intense phototherapy. In an NICU environment, infants exposed to higher levels of ambient light were found to have an increased risk of retinopathy. Therefore, covering the eyes of infants undergoing phototherapy with eye patches is routine.

Can phototherapy burn baby skin?

Visible light phototherapy is an easily administered and effective treatment for neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia. Reported cutaneous side effects include transient rashes and the uncommon bronze baby syndrome. A more hazardous side effect is ultraviolet burn.

What are the risks of phototherapy?

The short-term side effects of phototherapy include interference with maternal-infant interaction, imbalance of thermal environment and water loss, electrolyte disturbance, bronze baby syndrome and circadian rhythm disorder.

How long can a baby stay under phototherapy?

There are no specific guidelines for when to discontinue phototherapy. Evidence of hemolysis and age of the infant will impact the duration. In some cases, phototherapy will only be needed for 24 hours or less, in some cases, it may be required for 5 to 7 days.

How do I stop my baby from crying during phototherapy?

Some babies have trouble settling under the lights. Stroking and talking to your baby may help him/her to settle. The nurse may place rolls beside the baby so they feel secure. You may also try using the biliblanket while feeding the baby.

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How long does it take for jaundice to go away in newborns?

Jaundice usually clears up within 2 weeks in formula-fed babies. It may last for more than 2 to 3 weeks in breastfed babies. If your baby’s jaundice lasts more than 3 weeks, talk to his health care provider.

Why do they put newborns under UV light?

In phototherapy, shining fluorescent lights from the bili-light lamps are used on the bare skin of newborns. A specific wavelength of this light used in this therapy can break down the bilirubin into a form that the body can get rid of through urine and stool.

How quickly does bilirubin drop with phototherapy?

Once your baby’s bilirubin levels have stabilised or started to fall, they’ll be checked every 6 to 12 hours. Phototherapy will be stopped when the bilirubin level falls to a safe level, which usually takes a day or two.

When does a newborn’s liver start working?

Also, a newborn baby’s liver is not fully developed, so it’s less effective at removing the bilirubin from the blood. By the time a baby is about 2 weeks old, their liver is more effective at processing bilirubin, so jaundice often corrects itself by this age without causing any harm.