Can a child have too much iron?

What happens if a child has too much iron?

A young child with too much iron (iron overload) can be seen in diseases of the hemoglobin such as sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and the condition of neonatal hemochromatosis. Juvenile hemochromatosis is an inherited condition that can result in early death by heart failure if not detected and treated.

What is the symptoms of too much iron?

Symptoms

  • tiredness or fatigue.
  • weakness.
  • weight loss.
  • abdominal pain.
  • high blood sugar levels.
  • hyperpigmentation, or the skin turning a bronze color.
  • a loss of libido, or sex drive.
  • in males, reduction in the size of the testicles.

How much iron can a child take?

Infants ages 7–12 months need 11 milligrams of iron a day. Toddlers ages 1–3 years need 7 milligrams of iron each day. Kids ages 4–8 years need 10 milligrams while older kids ages 9–13 years need 8 milligrams. Teen boys should get 11 milligrams of iron a day and teen girls should get 15 milligrams.

How much iron is toxic to a child?

The minimum toxic dose of iron in children is estimated to be anywhere from 20-60 mg/kg. Fatal poisonings have rarely been reported with less than 60 mg/kg elemental Fe. A 10-kg toddler can ingest 10 tablets of a 20% elemental Fe preparation (ferrous sulfate), resulting in an ingestion of 65 mg/kg of Fe.

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How many mg of iron is toxic?

The therapeutic dose for iron deficiency anemia is 3-6 mg/kg/day. Toxic effects begin to occur at doses above 20 mg/kg of elemental iron. Ingestions of more than 60 mg/kg of elemental iron are associated with severe toxicity.

How does the body get rid of excess iron?

As red cells break down over time, the iron in the hemoglobin is released. Your body has no natural way to rid itself of excess iron, so extra iron is stored in body tissues. That’s why patients receiving transfusions are at risk for iron overload.

What is the most common cause of iron overload?

An inherited genetic change is the most common cause. It’s called primary hemochromatosis, hereditary hemochromatosis or classical hemochromatosis. With primary hemochromatosis, problems with the DNA come from both parents and cause the body to absorb too much iron.

How much iron should a 3 year old have?

How much iron do children need?

Age group Recommended amount of iron a day
1 – 3 years 7 mg
4 – 8 years 10 mg
9 – 13 years 8 mg
14 – 18 years, girls 15 mg

How do I know if my child is iron deficiency?

Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency

Overall lack of energy and fatigue. Pale appearance as hemoglobin levels drop. Nails that appear brittle, tongue that looks redder than normal and/or cracks on the side of the mouth. Poor appetite or a craving to eat non-food items like ice, dirt, paint or starch.