Does pregnancy cause vitamin D deficiency?
Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnant women (5–50%) and in breastfed infants (10–56%), despite the widespread use of prenatal vitamins, because these are inadequate to maintain normal vitamin D levels (≥32 ng/mL).
What should vitamin D levels be in pregnancy?
There is little consensus on what constitutes a ‘normal’ 25(OH)D level in pregnancy. The Institute of Medicine recommendations suggest a normal level of 20 ng/ml in pregnancy, while the Endocrine Society recommends 30 ng/ml or more.
Do you need more vitamin D when pregnant?
Vitamin D in pregnancy
You need 10 micrograms of vitamin D each day and should consider taking a supplement containing this amount between September and March. Vitamin D regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body, which are needed to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy.
What causes sudden vitamin D deficiency?
What causes a vitamin D deficiency? A deficiency in vitamin D can result from inadequate exposure to sunlight, inefficient production in the skin, not enough vitamin D in your diet, and health conditions that can affect it including, gastrointestinal disorders, renal diseases, and liver diseases.
What happens when low on vitamin D?
Vitamin D deficiency can lead to a loss of bone density, which can contribute to osteoporosis and fractures (broken bones). Severe vitamin D deficiency can also lead to other diseases. In children, it can cause rickets. Rickets is a rare disease that causes the bones to become soft and bend.
Can too much vitamin D be harmful in pregnancy?
The problem of excessive vitamin D intake during pregnancy is linked to the risk of hypercalcemia in the foetus, which is not a minor disease. The highest daily dose evaluated in pregnancy is 4,000 IU/day.
When should you start taking vitamin D in pregnancy?
To keep bones and muscles healthy, it’s best to take a vitamin D supplement every day between October and early March. Vitamin D supplements are available from most pharmacies, supermarkets and other retailers. Just 10 micrograms a day is all you need – it’s the same for kids and grown-ups.
What is low vitamin D in pregnancy?
Inadequate vitamin D can lead to abnormal bone growth, fractures, or rickets in newborns. Some studies link vitamin D deficiency to a higher risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm birth, and low birth weight, but more research is needed to confirm these links.
How much vitamin D is too much for pregnancy?
According to the National Institutes of Health, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of vitamin D during pregnancy is 600 IU/day, with a tolerable upper intake level of 4,000 IU/day.
Can I take vitamin D and folic acid together?
No interactions were found between folic acid and Vitamin D3. This does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult your healthcare provider.