What does malnutrition look like in kids?
Symptoms of malnutrition in a child can include: not growing or putting on weight at the expected rate (faltering growth) changes in behaviour, such as being unusually irritable, slow or anxious. low energy levels and tiring more easily than other children.
What does malnourished baby look like?
A baby or toddler with this condition will have a thin skin hanging, which will be due to the lack of fat in their body. This can be detected through signs such as hanging skin, change in skin tone, hair-loss, baby may feel lethargic and will cry for a longer period of time.
What are the 4 types of malnutrition?
What Are the 4 Types of Malnutrition? There are 4 types of malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization. This includes deficiencies, stunting, being underweight, and wasting. Each type of malnutrition stems from a unique cause.
How does malnutrition affect a child?
Malnutrition can cause permanent, widespread damage to a child’s growth, development and well-being. Stunting in the first 1,000 days is associated with poorer performance in school, both because malnutrition affects brain development, and also because malnourished children are more likely to get sick and miss school.
How long does it take for a child to become malnourished?
You would normally be considered malnourished if you have a BMI of less than 18.5 or you have unintentionally lost more than 5-10% of your body weight during the last three to six months.
What causes child malnutrition?
The main causes of malnutrition are often related to poverty: unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene, factors related to society, diseases, maternal factors, gender issues as well as other factors.
What happens to your body when malnourished?
Your body naturally loses muscle and bone as you age; however, malnutrition can accelerate these losses and impact your independence and ability to be active. 1. MOBILITY: Weak muscles and bones can make it harder to do everyday tasks like walking, dressing, and bathing.
Why are some babies skinny?
Baby could be born skinny, perhaps diagnosed as IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) at birth. Or he might have be born normal weight and become progressively leaner during the early months. Genetically lean babies are underweight babies when using medical criteria.
How do you handle a malnourished child?
Treatment may involve:
- dietary changes, such as eating foods high in energy and nutrients.
- support for families to help them manage factors affecting the child’s nutritional intake.
- treatment for any underlying medical conditions causing malnutrition.
- vitamin and mineral supplements.
What should you eat if you are malnourished?
Eat ‘little and often’ – 3 small meals a day with 2-3 snacks in-between meals. Include protein at each meal such as meat, fish, chicken, eggs, beans or lentils. Avoid low fat, sugar-free, diet foods and drinks for example skimmed milk.