Should I give my baby iron supplement?
The AAP clinical report, Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency and Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Infants and Young Children 0 Through 3 Years, recommends giving breastfed infants 1 mg/kg/day of a liquid iron supplement until iron-containing solid foods are introduced at about six months of age.
How do I know if my baby needs iron?
When you don’t have enough iron, red blood cells become small and pale, a condition called anemia. They can’t carry enough oxygen to your body’s organs and muscles.
When babies don’t get enough iron, they may show these signs:
- Slow weight gain.
- Pale skin.
- No appetite.
- Irritability (cranky, fussy).
Do all breastfed babies need iron?
Healthy, full-term babies have enough iron stores in their bodies to last for at least the first six months.
Anemia is uncommon in breastfed babies for several reasons.
|Iron Source||Percentage of Iron Absorbed|
|breastmilk||~50 – 70%|
|iron-fortified cow milk formula||~3 – 12%|
What are the symptoms of iron deficiency in babies?
What are the symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia in a child?
- Pale skin.
- Irritability or fussiness.
- Lack of energy or tiring easily (fatigue)
- Fast heart beat.
- Sore or swollen tongue.
- Enlarged spleen.
- Wanting to eat odd substances, such as dirt or ice (also called pica)
Can too much iron be bad for babies?
Too much iron is harmful. This isn’t a risk with iron from foods, though. It can be a serious problem for babies and toddlers who take too much iron from supplements. Be sure to tighten supplement bottle caps and keep the bottles in a safe place.
What is a normal iron level for a child?
Normal value range is: Iron: 60 to 170 micrograms per deciliter (mcg/dL), or 10.74 to 30.43 micromoles per liter (micromol/L)
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
Choose iron-rich foods
- Red meat, pork and poultry.
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach.
- Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots.
- Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas.
How can I raise my child’s iron level?
Include lean red meat three to four times a week. Offer meat alternatives such as dried beans, lentils, chickpeas, canned beans, poultry, fish, eggs and small amounts of nuts and nut pastes. These are important sources of iron in your child’s daily diet.
Is breast milk high in iron?
Breast milk contains very little iron (~0.35 mg/liter). The Institute of Medicine recommends that infants 6-12 months old get 11 mg of iron per day . By this age, most babies’ iron stores have been depleted, so this iron needs to come from complementary foods, in addition to breast milk or formula.
What causes low iron in infants?
Babies who are born prematurely or have a low birth weight. Babies who drink cow’s milk or goat’s milk before age 1. Breast-fed babies who aren’t given complementary foods containing iron after age 6 months. Babies who drink formula that isn’t fortified with iron.
Can low iron affect babies sleep?
The highest prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infancy coincides with a time of rapid changes in sleep organization. Since IDA in infancy is associated with long-lasting neurofunctional effects despite iron treatment, the normal development of sleep patterns might be affected.